Little-leaf Linden- Tilia cordata Mill.
Large-leaf Linden - Tilia platyphyllos Scop.
Linden family (Tiliaceae)
The Large-leaf and Small-leaf Linden are widely used in Europe and they are a popular street and park trees. They blossom only after full foliage, Large-leaf Linden in June, the Small-leaf Linden in July. In the heat of summer you can smell the scent of honey for long stretches coming from the abundant nectar at the bottom of the sepals, which attracts the bees and other insects. The name "Linde" probably comes from its soft wood or pliable bast, which was formerly taken from the branches and trunks and used as a binding material (Patois "Lind" = bast). The epithet of the Small-leaf linden cordata takes on the heart-shaped leaf reference from Latin "cor" (= heart) or "cordatus" (= heart-shaped). The epithet of the Large-leaf linden platyphyllos comes from the Greek "platys" (= wide) and "phyllon" (= leaf). They are tall trees (up to 40m) with characteristic panicle inflorescence. The flowers are whitish-yellow and have a striking feature of numerous (up to 40) stamens. On the Small-leaf linden there are 4 to 15 flowers together on one panicle-type inflorescence. A wing-like, half-panicled, membranous top leaf, act like a propeller blade when the fruit falls off as they float through the air and can be dispersed by the wind.
The dried flower heads of both linden trees are used. The commercial drug comes from the Balkans, Turkey and China.
Linden flowers contain flavonoids, mucilage, tannins and volatile oil.
For colds and related dry coughs (Commission E).
Traditionally used in combination with other drugs to help remove the mucus in the respiratory tract (traditional use in accordance with § 109a).
Crushed lime-blossom as a tea.
Pour 150ml of boiling water over 1 to 2g of lime blossom and strain after 5-10 minutes.
There is no experience on the safety in the use of lime blossom during pregnancy and breast-feeding as well as for use in children under 12 years old.