True myrrh bush - Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl.
Commiphora species are common in the arid regions of tropical and subtropical Africa and Arabia, and some species also grow in Madagascar and the Indian subcontinent. There are shrubs or small trees with sharp thorns and small flowers sprout in panicles at the ends of the branches. Myrrh probably comes from different types of Commiphora and it is not comprehensible from which shrub myrrh is actually obtained, as other Commiphora species secrete a gum resin. Commiphora myrrha is definitely the main supplier of myrrh.
Myrrh is a secretion product of the myrrh bush. It is formed in the resin ducts in the bark and is formed as a liquid gum resin either spontaneously or when you break the bark of the shrub. In air, the resin then solidifies in irregular, orange-brown pieces. To obtain the myrrh, the bark is cut after the rainy season from June to August and the hardened myrrh is collected. The commercially available drug comes from collections in the Sudan, Yemen, Eritrea and Somalia.
As a gum resin, myrrh is an alcohol-soluble fraction (diterpene and triterpene) and a water-soluble gum fraction made from carbohydrates; the pleasant scent comes from the essential oil.
In combination with other agents to support the function of the mucous membranes in the mouth and throat (traditional application acc. to § 109a).
Myrrh is applied in the form of a tincture (myrrh tincture).
Myrrh tincture with a brush or cotton swab 2 to 3 times daily undiluted or add 5 - 10 drops in a glass of water and rinse your mouth or gargle.
Myrrh tincture may not be used by alcohol abusers.
There is as yet no experience on the safety of use of myrrh during pregnancy, breastfeeding or in children under 12 years old, do not apply without consulting a doctor.
Wichtl: Teedrogen und Phytopharmaka, pg. 453
Schilcher: Leitfaden Phytotherapie, pg. 185
Van Wyk: Handbuch der Arzneipflanzen, pg. 111
Kommentar zum Europäischen Arzneibuch (Mrrh, no. 1349; Myrrh tincture, no. 1877)